A new kind of Intifada?

Scene of today's stabbing attack in Dimona, southern Israel. Credit: Haaretz/Police Spokeperson

The status quo in Israel-Palestine is crumbling. Palestinians are finding new ways to pressure Israel into movement. Israel’s lack of response, however, could lead to the return of the “old ways”—political violence.

Palestinian Authority (PA) President Mahmoud Abbas promised a “bombshell” in the run-up to his speech at the UN General Assembly last week. Instead, he stated only that the PA “cannot be bound” by the Oslo Accords. Since there is not much left of the Oslo Accords, what this means remains an open question. Ayed Atmawi, a Palestinian political activist and employee of the Geneva Initiative in Ramallah, said that this could only mean the security cooperation between the PA and Israel and that he, and Palestinians in general, now expected Abbas to take that crucial step and end cooperation. At the same time, he was sceptical that Abbas would do it, as he said that Abbas’s biggest concern was preventing deaths on both sides. If he does not end cooperation, what can he do?

Security cooperation or not, Abbas is likely to continue his strategy of the last few years, which has been to raise Palestine’s visibility and legitimacy in international institutions in a bid to up the pressure on Israel. These are the “legal means” Abbas mentioned in his speech, including Palestine’s membership of the International Criminal Court and its “Non-Member Observer State” status at the UN. So far, these memberships have not resulted in concrete action against Israel, but this is the eventual goal and international pressure is indeed rising. As Kobi Michael of Israel’s Institute for National Security Studies once told me, the fact that this new strategy eschews violence is a sort of victory for Israel. At the same time, however, once “you have... achieved a strategic achievement, the environment has [changed]... and you have to be able to tackle the new challenges that [are] created in the environment that you have influenced by your achievements”. It does not appear that Israel is tackling its new environment particularly well.

Palestinians are restless, increasingly impatient with a status quo that has seen little change since the 1990s, with the great exception of the seemingly inexorable growth in Israeli settlements in the West Bank. In the few days since Abbas’s speech, violence has been escalating in and around Jerusalem, as well as along Israel’s border with the Gaza Strip. Over the weekend, Israel closed off Jerusalem’s Old City, and thus its holy sites, to Palestinians following a deadly knife attack. In the early hours of October 5th, another batch of rockets was launched from Gaza into Israel and Israel responded with air strikes against Hamas targets in the Strip. Just yesterday, there were several violent attacks near Jerusalem and shortly before this post, it was reported that a Jewish Israeli stabbed three Palestinians and a Bedouin near Dimona, Israel. In fact, the situation in Jerusalem, in particular, has been more tense than usual for much of the past year since Israel’s last war in Gaza, which ended last August. The question for both Abbas and Israel will be: Will the Palestinian street (or indeed the Israeli street, as today's attack shows) wait to see how Israel reacts to the international pressure Abbas is intent on increasing? Atmawi asserts that Palestinians know very well that violence only begets harsh responses from Israel. With pressure mounting on all sides in both directions, however, it would be foolish to assume that cool heads will prevail forever.


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